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eNewsletter of the International Academy of Astronautics Print

as of October 11, 2019

Honorary Member Alexei Leonov
Alexei Leonov died on October 11, 2019. Legendary cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, the first human to walk in space and later the commander of the Russian Soyuz spacecraft that docked with a NASA Apollo capsule, symbolizing a historic thaw in the Cold War, has died after a long illness. An accomplished amateur artist and a widely respected statesman in the international space community, Leonov remained a lifelong friend of his Apollo-Soyuz Test Project crewmates and a source of inspiration to a younger generation of cosmonauts who carried his photo to the International Space Station and marked his 85th birthday during a spacewalk in May. He was elected a Full Member of the International Academy of Astronautics in 2018 and an Honorary Member in 2019.
8th CSA-IAA Conference on Space Technology Innovation 2019
The 8th CSA-IAA Conference on Space Technology Innovation, took place on 03-06 September 2019 in Shanghai, China.The International Academy of Aeronautics (IAA) , the Chinese Society of Astronautics (CSA) and Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) hold jointly the 8th CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Technology. The conference provided a platform to exchange ideas on how advanced Astronautic Technology brings benefits for humanity and explore the possibility for developing cooperative projects.
IAA Academician Chris Kraft
Christopher Kraft, von Karman Award 1994 of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), died on July 22, 2019, two days after the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11th moon landing. Chris Kraft invented the mission planning and control processes required for crewed space missions, in areas as diverse as go/no-go decisions, space-to-ground communications, space tracking, real-time problem solving and crew recovery, according to NASA. This made him the godfather of NASA’s Mission Control and the Academy recognized him for this achievements. Chris Kraft born in 1924 was elected corresponding member in the Engineering Science section in 1973 and a full member in 1985.
IAA International Academy of Astronautics
The International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), has elected in July 2019 new members, many of whom will be inducted on 20 October 2019 in Washington DC., USA during an Academy Day Honor Night Dinner.
IAA Italian Regional Symposium of Space Debris
The IAA Italian Regional Symposium of Space Debris Observations from Basilicata, took place in Castelgrande, Italy on 09-11 July 2019. Conference Program is available.
 The 8th IAA Conference on Space Systems as Critical Infrastructure, took place on 27-28 June 2019 in Mamaia, Black Sea, Romania.
 The 11th IAA Symposium on The Future of Space Exploration - Moon, Mars and Beyond: Becoming an Interplanetary Civilization, took place in Torino, Italy on 17-19 June, 2019. Detailed program is available.
 2019 IAA LCPM conference in Toulouse, FranceThe 13th IAA Low-Cost Planetary Missions Conference took place in Toulouse, France from June 03 to June 05, 2019. Many participants gathered in University Paul Sabatier in Toulouse to discuss several topics related to low-cost planetary missions in 6 technical sessions. The conference is a forum for planetary scientists, technologists, engineers, project managers and agency officials to gather for the exchange of information and ideas for making this class of robotic mission richer scientifically while remaining affordably low-cost.
 2019 IAA SSEO conference in BerlinThe 12th IAA Symposium on Small Satellites for Earth Observation took place on 06-10 May, 2019 in Berlin, Germany. 270 representatives from across the industry, government, and academic institutions of 37 countries gathered at the Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences.  The SSEO symposium proposed a rich technical program with more than 60 paper presentations across 15 sessions, a special panel discussion, two poster sessions comprised of more than 40 summaries, but also an exhibition with a wide array of system and subsystem offerings needed for developing small satellite missions, launch accommodation, ground services, and information processing. The conference report is available.
 IAA PDC 2019 in Washington DC, USAThe 6th IAA Planetary Defense Conference (PDC) took place on 29 April-03 May, 2019, in Washington DC area, USA. Many experts gathered on this occasion and videos of the conference are now available. The conference included a hypothetical NEO/Earth impact event scenario. Press release and statements are also available on the conference website.
 IAA Spring meetings 2019IAA Spring Meetings, Paris, France. IAA spring meetings were held on March 25-28, 2019 in Paris, France. For more detailed information on IAA spring meetings, please see the IAA past list of events. New members were inducted on Tuesday 26 March 2019 during the IAA Award Dinner.

Dr. Marius-Ioan Piso, IAA Trustee Section 4 Chair, Dr. Jean-Michel Contant, IAA Secretary-General, Mr. Federico Casal, new IAA Honorary Member, Dr. Peter Jankowitsch, IAA President, Prof. Anatoly Perminov, IAA Vice-President Scientific Activities, and Dr. Hiroki Matsuo, IAA Vice-President Finance, during the IAA Award Ceremony Dinner, March 26, 2019, Paris, France.
 CubeSat Ubatuba 2018Following up its successful 2014 and 2016 editions held in Brasilia and Florianopolis, the 3rd IAA Latin American CubeSat Workshop took place on 03-07 December, 2018 in Ubatuba, Sao-Paulo, Brazil. Many participants gathered on this occasion and discussed on topics related to CubeSat technology with 40 oral presentations, 9 keynote talks, a round-table and a poster session. Best student papers were awarded during the conference. Some of the most outstanding professionals in CubeSat missions and applications attended this event. Final program is available.
 IAA Academy Day Beijing 2018On November 16th, 2018, the IAA Academy Day was successfully held in China Science and Technology Hall, Beijing. This event was organized by IAA Studies Center and co-organized by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT). IAA Vice President LIU Jiyuan, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) Vice President ZHANG Zhongyang, Von-Karman Award winner and former ESA Administrator Jean-Jacques DORDAIN, CASC’s Science and Technology Committee Director BAO Weimin, Japan IHI Aerospace Corporation President Shigeki KINAI presented at the event. More than 80 IAA members and space experts from CASC, CASIC, Japan IHI Aerospace Corporation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Satellite Environment Center of Ministry of Environmental Protection, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Peking University, Beijing Institute of Technology and other related universities and aerospace enterprises attended. WANG Yiran, Director of IAA Studies Center and Vice President and Secretary General of the Chinese Society of Astronautics (CSA) chaired the event. The IAA Newly-Elected Induction Ceremony was chaired by XU Tong, Deputy Executive Director of IAA Studies Center. Mrs. XU introduced the 2018 election, the Von-Karman Award and Laurels for Team Achievements Award. Then, Vice President LIU Jiyuan and BOT member Shigeki KINAI jointly issued certificates for the present newly-elected academicians.
 1st IAA SciTech Forum Moscow 2018The 1st IAA SciTech Forum took place in Moscow, Russia on November 13-15, 2018. Many participants and Academicians gathered in Moscow to follow and contribute to the Highlight lectures, to the Technical sessions, and to the 2 round-tables on "Legal Aspects Ensuring Safety of International Space Activities" and on "Moon village Association – Facilitating Broad International Cooperation". The Opening Ceremony began with talks presented by First Vice-Rector of RUDN University Dr. Nur Kirabaev and Secretary General of International Academy of Astronautics Dr. Jean-Michel Contant. The final program consisted of more than 85 of high-quality presentations and 13 highlight lectures, that were organized in two parallels conferences and five thematic sessions in each conference. Newly Elected Academicians were also inducted at this occasion. Conference report, General program and Technical program are available.
Acta Astronautica Journal
New articles are available for Acta Astronautica, Journal of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), volume 152, Pages 1-920, November 2018.

The journal Acta Astronautica covers developments in space science technology related to peaceful scientific exploration of space and its exploitation for human welfare and progress, the conception, design, development and operation of space-borne and Earth-based systems. In addition to the regular issues of contributed papers and transaction notes, the journal publishes selected proceedings from IAA conferences.
IAA Academician John Sommerer
Dr. John C. Sommerer, Member of the International Academy of Astronautics, Engineering Sciences section, passed away on October 1st, 2018.
At the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), he headed both its Research Center and its Space Department and he was APL Senior Fellow for National Space Policy. He was responsible for executing NASA’s MESSENGER mission to Mercury, New Horizons mission to Pluto, Radiation Belt Storm Probes mission to explore the Van Allen Belts, and Solar Probe mission to explore the Sun’s outer atmosphere. He contributed to Key technological advances in missile defense, homeland security and information security that affect all Americans. He has made fundamental contributions to nonlinear physics as well as technologies used in spacecraft and engineering applications.
 Scientific and Technological Experiments on Automatic Space Vehicles & Small Satellites (SPEXP)The 4th International Conference on Scientific and Technological Experiments on Automatic Space Vehicles and Small Satellites (SPEXP) took place on 04-06 September 2018 in Samara, Russia. Many topics were discussed during the conference like the results of scientific and technological experiments conducted under microgravity conditions on spacecraft and small satellites. Scientific and technological experiments proposed to be conducted on spacecraft and small satellites. Study of space environment factors and their influence on scientific and technological experiments. Opportunities and experience of organizing and conducting piggyback launches and space experiments provided by Russian and foreign space agencies. Problems of organizing and conducting international scientific and educational space projects, including using the opportunities provided by the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs. Oportunities and examples of use of micro/nano-satellites to conduct scientific and technological experiments. Technologies for conducting experiments on automatic spacecraft and small satellites. Projects of nanosatellites (including standard CubeSat) and their groups orientated on the development of new technologies and experiments in space. Problem of space education and human capacity-building in space science and technology, including for developing countries.
 IAA Academy Day Pasadena 2018IAA Academy Day took place on July 14, 2018 in Pasadena, California, USA at the occasion of the COSPAR Congress. Scientific program of the Academy Day is available. Speakers were Ralph L. McNutt. Jr., Rainer Sandau, Karl-Heinz Glassmeier, Susan McKenna-Lawlor, Guenther Reitz, Robert T. Pappalardo, Claire Vallat, Claudio Maccone, Bernard Foing and Arthur M. Dula. The Pasadena Academy Day was followed by an IAA Awards Dinner & Induction Ceremony for newly elected members.
IAA Cosmic Study on Space Traffic Management
The IAA study group 5.15 has published its final report: Space Traffic Management - Towards a Roadmap for Implementation, Published in June 2018, 156 pages. This study revisits the topic of Space Traffic Management (STM) with the purpose of providing an updated inter-disciplinary context and of supporting decision-making in the global community. In 2006, the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) took on the task of conducting a first study on STM (the “Cosmic Study”), then kick-starting a process of discussion of STM as a means to effectively deal with the increasing challenges space actors face. More than a decade later, this new study draws from the extensive academic work and policy-making activities carried out since the “Cosmic Study”. Its purpose is to revisit and adjust the concept of STM to current advancements in space activities as well as to geopolitical developments. In addition to presenting a more coherent and robust concept of STM, the study discusses the potential of STM to influence or shape the evolution of the legal and regulatory framework for space activities. 
DYCOSS 2018 participants
The 4th IAA Conference on Dynamics and Control of Space Systems (DyCoSS 2018) was held on 21-23 May 2018 in Changsha, China. Topics discussed at the conference were Satellite constellations and formation flying, Spacecraft guidance, navigation and control, Attitude dynamics and control, Space mission design and optimization, Orbital dynamics and orbital determination, Space structures of tethers, Attitude sensors and actuators and Optimal control in space flight dynamics. Keynote speakers were Arun K. Misra, Bong Wie, Guang Meng, Filippo Graziani, Xiaoqian Chen, Eberhard Gill and Lin Liu.
IAA study group 3.15 final report
The IAA study group 3.15 has published its final report: Long-term Space Propellant Depot, Published in January 2018, 106 pages.
The adoption of propellant depots in space is being investigated since years as a key enabler of new space missions, promising to have an important impact on the design and operations of future space transportation systems, space exploration missions, and commercial space operations. The objective of this IAA Study is an in-depth assessment of all the aspects related to the design, development and operations of long-term space depots of storable and/or cryogenic propellants in support of the above applications. Due to the innovation of the involved technologies, the need of standardised interfaces, the complexity of the servicing and utilisation scenario and the landscape of target missions involving their utilisation, Space Propellant Depots are ideal candidates for international collaborations to be put in place for their procurement and use. In this respect, a major scope of the IAA study is also to look at the possibilities of international programmes, either institutional or commercial, in support of Long Term Space Propellant Depot concepts.
IAA study group 3.14
The IAA study group 3.14 has published its final report: Public/Private Human Access to Space - Vol. 2 - Earth Orbit and beyond , Published in January 2018, 88 pages.
The chartered theme of the cosmic study group is “Public/Private Human Access to Space,” informally referred to in this report as the “Human Orbital Market” or the “HOM” cosmic study group.  The goal of the HOM cosmic study is to estimate the emergence of HOMs for different countries or regions around the world. This cosmic study employs a five-phase approach that incorporates multiple research methods. Due to the complexity of collecting meaningful data, and the inherent uncertainty of data in emerging markets, a primary focus is put on basic discovery activities (identifying relevant archival and statistical data) and qualitative assessments. The five analysis phases of the HOM cosmic study approach include: • Phase 1. Target Market Assessment: Identifying the specific human orbital space markets being targeted. • Phase 2. Literature Review: Conduct a search of the open, available literature (publicly available, for free or for a fee) of relevant reports and articles. • Phase 3. Entrepreneurial Environment Assessment: Identify relevant political, legal, capital, historical and cultural factors and structures. • Phase 4. National HOM Industry Competitiveness Assessment: Identify the set of industries that comprise, support, or are related to the identified human orbital space markets, using a standardized methodology. • Phase 5. HOM Industry Emergence Assessment: Qualitatively evaluate the likelihood that these industry clusters are sufficient for the eventual natural evolution of human orbital space markets.
IAA study group 4.18
The IAA study group 4.18 has published its final report: Definition and Requirements of Small Satellites Seeking Low-Cost and Fast-Delivery , Published in January 2018, 83 pages.
Objectives of this report are to examine the definitions of small satellites, identify the requirements every satellite should follow regardless of its size or development philosophy and then reflect some of the findings to the draft of ISO-20991, “Space Systems - Requirements for Small Spacecraft”. The standard aims at describing minimum requirements for small satellites to answer the concerns raised over due to the recent explosive growth of small satellite launches. Over the course of the study, intensive discussion was made about how to describe small satellites best. The majority of the opinions was that neither “mass” nor “size” is suitable for defining small satellites. Rather, philosophy of design, manufacturing, mission, program management, etc., should be used for the definition. The study group came to the conclusion that using the term “lean satellite” to reflect satellite development philosophy is more suitable than saying “small satellite”.

 IAA Spring Meetings 2018

IAA spring meetings

IAA spring meetings were held on March 26-27, 2018 in Paris, France. For more detailed information on IAA spring meetings, please see the IAA past list of events.

Newly elected were inducted on Monday 26 March 2018 during the IAA Award Dinner.
Dr. John B. Charles
Dr. John B. Charles, IAA Full Member from Life Sciences Section, is retiring after a 35-year career at the NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC). A graduate of Ohio State University, he earned his doctorate in physiology and biophysics from the University of Kentucky. As a postdoctoral fellow, he began his NASA journey at JSC in 1983 in the medical research branch. He became a civil servant in the cardiovascular laboratory at JSC in 1985. He is retiring as Associate Director of Exploration Research Planning. Prior to that position, Dr. Charles was the Chief Scientist for NASA’s Human Research Program. More information is available on NASA website.
 IAA-Italy-Israel Workshop on Nanosatellite Technologies
The IAA-Italy-Israel Workshop on Nanosatellite Technologies took place on 09-10 April 2018 in Rome, Italy. Nanosatellites and related technologies have been gaining increasing interest in the space sector, due to the numerous possibilities they convey to space missions. Building on the active collaboration between Italy and Israel in the space field, a joint 2-day workshop was held in Rome, Italy. The workshop was sponsored by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), the Israeli Space Agency (ISA) and the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA). Space systems based on small and Nano platforms, especially if considered in the frame of constellations and formations, are considered very promising form the perspective of enhanced performance of space systems both for scientific missions and for applications.
IAA Call for hosting conferences
 To see more, please check the IAA past e-newsletters that are available in the Archives section of this website.
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