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Darmstadt Print
5th European Conference on Space Debris
Darmstadt, Germany

co-sponsored by the International Academy of Astronautics

30 March - 2 April 2009

ESA/ESOC, Darmstadt, Germany


Since 1957, more than 4,800 space launches have led to an on-orbit population today of approximately 13,200 trackable objects, with sizes larger than 10 cm. Less than 800 of these are operational spacecraft. The remaining 94% are space debris, i.e. objects which no longer serve any useful purpose. About 50% of the routinely tracked objects are fragments from explosions and breakups of satellites or rocket bodies. In addition, there is evidence of a much larger population of debris that cannot be tracked operationally. Almost 600,000 objects larger than 1 cm are expected to reside in terrestrial space.

Due to relative orbital velocities of up 56,000 km/h, centimeter-sized debris can seriously damage or disable an operational spacecraft, and collisions with objects larger than 10 cm will lead to catastrophic fragmentations, releasing hazardous debris clouds. Spacecraft designers and mission operators should thus implement debris mitigation measures to avoid the release of debris, and to conserve the environment in the already densely populated low Earth and geostationary orbit regions. - The Conference will provide all pieces of information required by spacecraft and launch system designers and operators to control the space debris environment with the aim of safe, sustainable space activities for future generations.


Program Committee

Heiner Klinkrad, ESA

Honorary Co-Chair:
Walter Flury, ESA (retired)

Holger Krag, ESA

Fernand Alby, CNES
Christophe Bonnal, CNES
Nicolas Bobrinsky, ESA
Richard Crowther, BNSC
Jean-Michel Contant, IAA
Gerhard Drolshagen, ESA
Michel Lambert, ESA
Ludger Leushacke, FGAN
Claudio Portelli, ASI
Frank Schäfer, EMI
Thomas Schildknecht, AIUB
Kai-Uwe Schrogl, ESPI
Tommaso Sgobba, ESA
Uwe Wirt, DLR

Local Organising Committee

Heiner Klinkrad

Deputy Chair:
Holger Krag

Andrea Kerruish

Bettina Braunstein
Rüdiger Jehn
Jocelyne Landeau-Constantin
Karl Prantl-Baumann
Karl Schröder
Gustav Wallum


European Conferences on Space Debris are the largest dedicated gatherings on the subject. Internationally renowned scientists, engineers, operators and policy makers meet here to discuss different aspects of space debris research, including measurement techniques, model theories, risk analyses, mitigation concepts, and policy issues.

During fours days, in two parallel sessions, the Fifth European Conference on Space Debris will provide a forum for presenting and discussing results, and for defining future directions of research. Special sessions will be dedicated to space surveillance and related pre-cursor activities within Europe.

The conference will provide a unique forum for information exchange, technical discussions and networking between debris researchers, engineers and policy makers of industry, space operators, space agencies, institutional organizations (e.g. EU, UNCOPUOS, IAA, COSPAR), academia, and the defense sector.


The conference will adopt, as a special theme, the topic of space surveillance, focusing on:

    * space surveillance techniques
    * space object catalogs
    * system studies for a European space surveillance system

The conference program will also highlight all classical disciplines of space debris research:

    * radar, optical & in-situ measurements
    * debris environment modeling
    * on-orbit & re-entry risk assessments
    * orbit prediction & determination
    * debris mitigation principles
    * hypervelocity impacts & shielding
    * standardisation & policies

Day 1 - Monday, 30 March 2009
Session 1
Introduction & Selected Papers
Room: H-I/H-IV
Chairs: R. Crowther (STFC); F. Alby (CNES)
Welcome Address
Keynote Lecture on Space Debris
G. Brachet
IAA and their Activities on Space Debris
J.M. Contant
Space Debris Activities in Europe
Klinkrad, H.1; Alby, F.2; Crowther, R.3; Portelli, C.4; Wirt, U.5
1ESA (Germany); 2CNES (France); 3BNSC (United Kingdom); 4ASI (Italy); 5DLR (Germany)
Coffee break
About Russian Federation Activity on Space Debris Problem
Loginov, S.1; Yakovlev, M.1; Mikhailov, M.1; Makarov, Yu.2; Bulynin, Yu.3; Popkova, L.1; Gorlov, A.1
1TSNIIMASH (Russian Federation); 2ROSCOSMOS (Russian Federation); 3ISS Reshetnev Company (Russian Federation)
Invited Speaker
U.S. Naval Space Surveillance Upgrade Program 1999-2003
Schumacher, P.
Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)
Invited Speaker
The Jules Verne (ATV-1) Reentry Observation Campaign Preliminary Results
Hatton, J.1; Giannopapa, C.1; Ellwood, J.1; Jenniskens, P.2; Steinkopf, M.3; de Pasquale, E.3
1ESA (Netherlands); 2SETI Institute (United States); 3ESA/ATV Control Center (France)
Lunch break
Session 2
Space Surveillance I

Room: H-I
Chairs: T. Donath (ONERA); P. Schumacher (USAF)
Session 3

Room: H-IV
Chairs: A. Rossi (ISTI); H. Krag (ESA/ESOC)
Architectures Analysis for the Future European SSA System
Donath, T.1; Donath, T.1; Saunders, C.2; Martinot, V.3; Elluin, E.3
1ONERA (France); 2QinetiQ (United Kingdom); 3Thales Alenia Space (France)
Invited Speaker
The MASTER-2009 Space Debris Environment Model
Flegel, S.1; Gelhaus, J.1; Wiedemann, C.1; Stabroth, S.2; Oswald, M.2; Krag, H.3; Klinkrad, H.3; Vörsmann, P.1
1Institute of Aerospace Systems, Technische Universität Braunschweig (Germany); 2Astrium GmbH - Satellites, Friedrichshafen (Germany); 3Space Debris Office ESA/ESOC, Darmstadt (Germany)
Analysis of Object Observations Using A 1.8-Meter Telescope
Kervin, P.1; Bolden, M.1; Sydney, P.2
1US Air Force Research Laboratory (United States); 2Pacific Defense Solutions (United States)
Size Distribution of NaK Droplets for MASTER-2009
Wiedemann, C.1; Flegel, S.2; Gelhaus, J.2; Klinkrad, H.3; Vörsmann, P.2
1Technische Universität Braunschweig (Germany); 2Technische Universität Braunschweig, Institute of Aerospace Systems (Germany); 3ESA/ESOC (Germany)
ISON Worldwide Scientific Optical Network
Molotov, I.; Agapov, V.; Akim, E.
Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics RAS (Russian Federation)
Solid Propulsion Solutions for Orbital Debris Mitigation
Guery, J.F.
SNPE Materiaux Energetiques (France)
Catalogue Correlation of Space Debris Objects
Früh, C.; Schildknecht, T.; Musci, R.; Ploner, M.
Astronimical Institute, University of Bern (Switzerland)
Active Removal Study for On-orbit Debris Using DAMAGE
Lewis, H.G.; Swinerd, G.G.; Newland, R.J.; Saunders, A.
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Satellite Based Solutions for beyond-LEO Space Surveillance
Oswald, M.; Stabroth, S.; Wagner, A.
EADS Astrium Satellites (Germany)
Results of Updating the Parameters of the Space Debris Model (SDPA) in 2007
Nazarenko, A.
Scientific Technological Center of Space Monitoring of the Earth (Russian Federation)
Coffee break
Consolidated Ground Segment Requirements for a UHF Radar for the ESSAS
Muller, F.1; Vera, J.2
1Onera (France); 2Indra (Spain)
Invited Speaker
Effectiveness of the De-Orbiting Practices in the MEO Region
Rossi, A.1; Anselmo, L.1; Pardini, C.1; Jehn, R.2
1ISTI-CNR (Italy); 2ESA-ESOC (Germany)
Simulation of Phased-Array Wide-Field of View Radars for Space Surveillance
Gelhaus, J.1; Flegel, S.1; Wiedemann, C.1; Stabroth, S.2; Wagner, A.2; Klinkrad, H.3; Vörsmann, P.1
1Institute of Aerospace Systems, Technische Universität Braunschweig (Germany); 2Astrium GmbH - Satellites (Germany); 3Space Debris Office, ESA/ESOC (Germany)
Conclusions from ESA Space Debris Telescope Observations on Space Debris Environment Modelling
Krag, H.1; Klinkrad, H.1; Jehn, R.1; Flegel, S.2; Schildknecht, T.3
1ESA/ESOC, (Germany); 2TU Braunschweig, (Germany); 3University of Berne, (Switzerland)
Comparison of Bi-Static Radar Performance with an Equivalent Mono-Static Model
Dauron, G.B.R.; Martinez de Mendijur, M.; Sessler, G.M.A.; Besso, P.
ESA/ESOC (Germany)
Influence of High Eccentricity Objects in the Evolution of the GEO Environment
Rossi, A.; Anselmo, L.; Pardini, C.
ISTI-CNR (Italy)
A Potential Integrated Multiwavelength Radar System at The Medicina Radiotelescopes
Montebugnoli, S.1; Pupillo, G.2; Salerno, E.1; Pluchino, S.1; Di Martino, M.2; Bartolini, M.1; Bianchi, G.1; Monari, J.1; Perini, F.1; Schillirò, F.1
1INAF-IRA (Italy); 2INAF-OATO (Italy)
The Small Sise Debris Population in the GEO Belt
Drolshagen, G.; Nehls, T.
ESA/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Measuring Space Debris with Phase Coded Aperiodic Transmission Sequences
Vierinen, J.1; Markkanen, J.2; Lehtinen, M.S.1
1Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory (Finland); 2EISCAT Scientific Association (Finland)
Estimating Solar Radiation Pressure for GEO Debris
Chao, C.C.; Campbell, W.S.
The Aerospace Corporation (United States)

Day 2 - Tuesday, 31 March 2009
Session 4
Space Surveillance II

Room: H-I
Chairs: P. Kervin (USAF); S. Veniaminov (SRC Cosmos)
Session 5
Measurements I

Room: H-IV
Chairs: L. Leushacke (FGAN); G. Drolshagen (ESA/ESTEC)
Surveillance Radar Design Options as a Function of Cataloguing Performance Requirements
Krag, H.; Klinkrad, H.
ESA (Germany)
Italian Activity in Space Debris Measurements
Graziani, F.1; Cappelletti, C.2; Paolillo, F.2; Portelli, C.3; Piergentili, F.4
1University of Rome (Italy); 2School of Aerospace Engineering (Italy); 3Italian Space Agency (Italy); 4University of Bologna, DIEM (Italy)
Optimization of Space Surveillance Resources by Innovative Preliminary Orbit Methods
Milani, A.1; Gronchi, G.F.1; Dimare, L.2; Farnocchia, D.1
1University of Pisa (Italy); 2University of Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
First Results from the Multibeam Bistatic Beampark Experiments at FGAN
Letsch, K.1; Leushacke, L.1; Rosebrock, J.1; Jehn, R.2; Krag, H.2; Keller, R.3
1FGAN-FHR (Germany); 2ESA-ESOC (Germany); 3MPIfR (Germany)
Orbits and Pointing Strategies for Space Based Telescopes into an European Space Surveillance System
R-Lerate, M.; Sanchez-Ortiz, N.; Olmedo, E.; Bello-Mora, M.
Deimos Space S.L (Spain)
EISCAT Space Debris during the IPY - a 5000 Hour Campaign
Markkanen, J.1; Jehn, R.2; Krag, H.2
1EISCAT (Finland); 2ESA/ESOC (Germany)
Improving ESA's Collision Risk Estimates by an Assessment of the TLE Orbit Errors of the US SSN Catalogue
Flohrer, T.1; Krag, H.2; Klinkrad, H.2; Bastida Virgili, B.2; Früh, C.3
1Aboa Space Research Oy (ASRO) at ESA/ESOC (Germany); 2ESA/ESOC Space Debris Office (Germany); 3Astronomical Institute University Bern (Switzerland)
Bi-Static Radar Measurements Using ESA's 15 Meter Ground Stations
Sessler, G.M.A.; Smeds, B.; Krag, H.; Flohrer, T.; Martinez Gil, R.
ESA/ESOC (Germany)
Optimum Planning of the Search for a Space Object Taking into Account the Temporal Structure Transformation of the Space Object Position Uncertainty Domain
Veniaminov, S.1; Aksenov, O.2; Lapukhin, V.2
1Scientific Research Center “Kosmos” (Russian Federation); 2SRC “Kosmos” (Russian Federation)
Space Debris Radar Experiments at the Medicina VLBI Dish
Pupillo, G.1; Salerno, E.2; Montebugnoli, S.2; Di Martino, M.3; Bartolini, M.2; Pluchino, S.2; Schillirò, F.2; Zoni, L.2
1OATO-INAF (Italy); 2INAF-IRA (Italy); 3INAF-OATO (Italy)
Coffee break
Cataloguing Performance of a Proposed European Space Situational Awareness System
Sanchez-Ortiz, N.; Olmedo, E.; R-Lerate, M.; Bello-Mora, M.
Deimos Space S.L. (Spain)
In Situ Measurement Activities at the Nasa Orbital Debris Program Office
Liou, J.-C.1; Burchell, M.2; Corsaro, R.3; Drolshagen, G.4; Giovane, F.5; Pisacane, V.6; Stansbery, E.7
1NASA Johnson Space Center (United States); 2University of Kent (United Kingdom); 3NRL (United States); 4ESA/ESTEC (Netherlands); 5Virginia Tech (United States); 6USNA (United States); 7NASA/JSC (United States)
SSASIM: An Earth-Orbiting Objects Catalogue Maintenance Simulator
Águeda Maté, A.; Juárez Villarés, I.; Muñoz Muñoz, P.; Martínez Fadrique, F.
GMV (Spain)
In-situ Detector AIDA - Advances, Recent and Future Developments
Herbst, C.1; Bunte, K.D.1; Kessler, E.2; Hemken, G.3; Hagedorn, D.4
1etamax space GmbH (Germany); 2Institut fuer Photonische Technologien (Germany); 3Institut fuer Fuege- und Schweisstechnik (Germany); 4Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Classification and Characterization of GEO Population Based on Results of the ISON Observations
Agapov, V.1; Molotov, I.1; Khutorovsky, Z.2; Titenko, V.3
1Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics RAS (Russian Federation); 2ISC “Vympel”, JSC (Russian Federation); 3S.A. Zverev Krasnogorsky Zavod, JSC (Russian Federation)
Micrometeoroid Impacts on Spacecraft: Can Asteroidal and Ccometary Dust Be Distinguished?
Kearsley, A.T.1; Burchell, M.J.2; Price, M.J.2; Graham, G.A.1; Wozniakiewicz, P.J.1; Cole, M.J.2
1Natural History Museum (United Kingdom); 2University of Kent (United Kingdom)
The Use of Satellites Limits Improving their Detectability
Bourez-Laas, M.1; Klotz, A.2; Blanchet, G.3; Boër, M.4; Ducrotté, E.3
1Observatoire de Haute-Provence (France); 2Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (UPS-CNRS) (France); 3Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (France); 4Observatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS) (France)
Diurnal and Annual Variations of Meteor Rates and Entry Velocities at High, Middle, and Low Latitudes
Singer, W.1; Latteck, R.1; Batista, P.P.2
1Leibniz-Institute of Atmospheric Physics (Germany); 2Instituto Nacional de Pesuisas Espaciais, Sao Jose dos Campos SP (Brazil)
Technical & Cultural Tour to Speyer

Day 3 - Wednesday, 1 April 2009
Session 6
Measurements II

Room: H-I
Chairs: P. Graziani (La Sapienza); T. Schildknecht (AIUB)
Session 7

Room: H-IV
Chairs: C. Bonnal (CNES); C. Portelli (ASI)
Orbit Determination for Various Regimes with TAROT
Ducrotté, E.1; Bourez-Laas, M.2; Klotz, A.2; Blanchet, G.1; Boer, M.2
1CNES (France); 2Observatoire de Haute Provence - Saint Michel l'Observatoire (France)
Invited Speaker
European Launchers: A Review of the Compliance to Space Debris Mitigation Measures
Bonnal, C.1; Gigou, J.2; Aubin, D.3
1CNES (France); 2ESA (France); 3Arianespace (France)
Photometric Studies of Orbital Debris at GEO
Seitzer, P.1; Abercromby, K.J.2; Rodriguez-Cowardin, H.M.3; Barker, E.4; Foreman, G.1; Horstman, M.5
1University of Michigan (United States); 2California Polytechnic State University (United States); 3ESCG/JSC (United States); 4NASA/JSC (United States); 5ESCG/ERC (United States)
The International Space Station and the Space Debris Environment: 10 Years On
Johnson, N.1; Klinkrad, H.2
1NASA (United States); 2ESA (Germany)
Surveying for Debris in MEO Orbits with Optical Sensors
Herridge, P.1; Crowther, R.2; Davey, J.3; Dick, J.1
1Space Insight Ltd (United Kingdom); 2Science & Technology Facilities Council (United Kingdom); 3British National Space Centre (United Kingdom)
The Aerobraking Sail for Launcher Upper Stage Deorbiting: Concept Feasibility & Technological Solutions
Santerre, B.; Cerf, M.
EADS Astrium (France)
Preliminary Results from Reflectance Spectroscopy Observations of Space Debris in GEO
Vananti, A.1; Schildknecht, T.1; Krag, H.2
1Astronomical Institute, University of Bern (Switzerland); 2ESA/ESOC (Germany)
Constellation and "Graveyard" Collision Risk For Several Meo Disposal Strategies
Jenkin, A.; McVey, J.P.
The Aerospace Corporation (United States)
Reflectance Spectra Comparison of Orbital Debris, Intact Spacecraft, and Intact Rocket Bodies in the GEO Regime
Abercromby, K.1; Abell, P.2; Barker, E.3
1California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo (United States); 2Planetary Science Institute (United States); 3NASA Johnson Space Center (United States)
Reorbiting of Satellites in High Altitudes
Jehn, R.1; Rossi, A.2; Flohrer, T.1; Navarro, D.3
1ESA/ESOC (Germany); 2Istituto Scienza e Tecnologie dell’Informazione (Italy); 3ESA/ESOC (Netherlands)
Coffee break
Ten Years of Observations at the ESA Space Debris Telescope - Discoveries, Highlights and Lessons Learned
Schildknecht, T.1; Musci, R.1; Jehn, R.2; Kuusela, J.3
1Astronomical Institute AIUB, University of Bern (Switzerland); 2ESA/ESOC, Darmstadt (Germany); 3Aboa Space Research Oy (ASRO), Tenerife (Spain)
Space Debris Environment Remediation Concepts
Klinkrad, H.1; Johnson, N.L.2
1ESA (Germany); 2NASA/JSC (United States)
Small Aperture Telescope Monitoring of Geostationary Satellite Clusters undergoing Visual Conjunctions
Scott, L.
Defence R&D Canada Ottawa (Canada)
A Study on Active Removal System of Space Debris
Nishida, S.; Kawamoto, S.; Ohkawa, Y.; Kitamura, S.
JAXA (Japan)
Present Status of Space Debris Optical Observational Facility of JAXA at Mt. Nyukasa
Yanagisawa, T.; Kurosaki, H.; Nakajima, A.
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Solid Propulsion De-Orbiting and Re-Orbiting
Schonenborg, R.A.C.
Schonenborg Space Engineering (Netherlands)
MDD3-EMI's Upcoming Meteoroid and Space Debris Detector Experiment Onboard Russian Spektr-R Satellite
Schimmerohn, M.; Schafer, F.
Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics (Germany)
Strategies for Active Removal in LEO
Bastida Virgili, B.; Krag, H.
ESA/ESOC (Germany)
ESA RE-entry Black Box
Bavandi, A.; Sgobba, T.; Ortega,G.
ESA/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Lifetime Estimation of Upper Stages Re-Entering from GtO with Different Inclinations
Bandyopadhyay, P.; Sharma, R.K.; Mutyalarao, M.; Adimurthy, V.
Indian Space Research Organization (India)
Lunch break
Session 8

Room: H-I
Chairs: R. Destefanis (TAS, Torino); H.G. Reimerdes (RWTH Aachen)
Session 9
Risk Analysis

Room: H-IV
Chairs: D. Finkleman (CSSI); S. Delavault (CNES)
Improving the Significance of MM/SD Risk Analysis by Application of the SRL Ballistic Limit Equation
Schäfer, F.1; Putzar, R.1; Ryan, S.2; Lambert, M.3
1Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics (Germany); 2NASA Johnson Space Center (United States); 3ESA (Netherlands)
Invited Speaker
Mathematical Concepts for Geo Collision Risk Assessment
Jenkin, A.
The Aerospace Corporation (United States)
Space Shuttle MMOD Threat Mitigation Techniques
Hyde, J.1; Christiansen, E.; Lear, D.; Kerr, J.
NASA Johnson Space Center (United States)
Space Debris Conjunction Risk Assessment for the ATV - Jules Verne Mission
Delavault, S.1; Perrachon, P.1; Gamet, P.1; Delattre, S.1; Dupuis, G.2; Salas, S.3; Perot, E.4
1CNES (France); 2ATOS-ORIGIN (France); 3GMV (France); 4Thales-is (France)
Shape Distribution of Fragments from Microsatellite Impact Tests
Hanada, T.1; Liou, J.-C.2
1Kyushu University (Japan); 2NASA/JSC (United States)
Approaches to Near Term Conjunction Risk Assessment
Finkleman, D.1; Oltrogge, D.2; Stokes, H.3; H. Ailor, W.4
1Center for Space Standards and Innovation (United States); 21Earth Research (United States); 3Consultant to the British National Space Center (United Kingdom); 4Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies (United States)
Ballistic Limit of Thin CFRP Plates
Higashide, M.1; Nagao, Y.1; Kibe, S.1; Francesconi, A.2; Paverin, D.2
1Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan); 2CISAS, University of Padova (Italy)
CNES Operational Experiences in Collision Avoidance for LEO Satellites
Pena, X.; Moury, M.
CNES (France)
Hypervelocity Impact Shield Concept
Smirnov, N.N.; Kiselev, A.B.; Nikitin, V.F.
Moscow M.V. Lomonosov State University (Russian Federation)
Statistical Conjunction Analysis of LEO Space Objects: A Monte Carlo Approach
Anikumar, A.K.; Sudheer Reddy, D.
Coffee break
Experimental Investigation of Hypervelocity Impact On Gas-Filled Stainless Steel Pressure Vessels
Huang, J.; Niu, W.X.; Xu, X.; Ma, Z.X.; Jian, H.X.; Liu, S.
China Aerodynamics R&D Center (China)
The COLA Collision Avoidance Method
Assmann, K.; Grothkopp, S.; Berger, J.
LSE Space Engineering & Operations AG (Germany)
Risk Analysis and Damage Prediction of Small Spacecraft
Noelke, D.; Reimerdes, H.-G.
RWTH Aachen University (Germany)
Collision Avoidance Practises for GEO Satellites in an Operational Control Centre
Lorda, L.; Fremeaux, C.
CNES (France)
MODAOSTi' s Application in M/OD Shield Optimization of Japani's Pressurized Module
Yuan, J.G.; Zheng, SH.G.; Han, Z.Y.; Qu, G.J.
China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) (China)
Wind Tunnel Aero-Heating and Material Destruction Tests for Improved Debris Re-entry Analysis
Koppenwallner, G.1; Lips, T.1; Alwes, D.2
1HTG, Hypersonic Technology Göttingen (Germany); 2DLR, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (Germany)
Spacecraft Shielding Layout and Optimisation using ESABASE2/Debris
Bunte, K.D.1; Destefanis, R.2; Drolshagen, G.3
1etamax space GmbH (Germany); 2Thales Alenia Space (Italy); 3ESA/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Risk Assessment for Destructive Re-entry
Lips, T.1; Koppenwallner, G.1; Bianchi, L.2; Klinkrad, H.3
1HTG - Hypersonic Technology Goettingen (Germany); 2ESA/ESTEC (Netherlands); 3ESA/ESOC (Germany)
Experimental Space Debris Simulation at EMI's Calibre 4 mm Two-Stage Light Gas Gun
Putzar, R.; Schaefer, F.
Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics (Germany)
Computation of the Survivability of Spacecraft Fuel Tanks after Orbital Decay
Fritsche, B.
HTG (Germany)

Day 4 - Thursday, 2 April 2009
Session 10
Standards, Policies & Initiatives

Room: H-I
Chairs: J. Davey (BNSC); K.U. Schrogl (ESPI)
Session 11
Orbit Prediction & Determination

Room: H-IV
Chairs: U. Fuecht (ESA); F. Martinez Fadrique (GMV)
An Overview of Legal Implications Governing Space-Based Activities Regarding Space Debris Mitigation: Shortcomings of Current Space Treaties and Conventions
Talebzadeh, A.; Tabeshian, M.; Chinnanpour, M.
Iranian Space Agency (ISA) (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Orbit Determination Issues and Results to Incorporate Optical Measurements in Conjunction Operations
Vallado, D.1; Kelso, T.S.1; Agapov, V.2; Molotov, I.2
1Center for Space Standards and Innovation (United States); 2Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation)
Invited Speaker
Status of the ISO Standards on Space Debris Mitigation
Davey, J.1; Stokes, H.2
1British National Space Centre (United Kingdom); 2PHS Space Ltd (United Kingdom)
Orbit Determination from Combined Radar and Optical Tracks during XMM Contingency Operations
Flohrer, T.1; Krag, H.2; Klinkrad, H.2; Kuusela, J.3; Leushacke, L.4; Ploner, M.5; Schildknecht, T.5
1Aboa Space Research Oy (ASRO) at ESA/ESOC (Germany); 2ESA/ESOC Space Debris Office (Germany); 3Aboa Space Research Oy (ASRO) (Finland); 4Forschungsgesellschaft für Angewandte Naturwissenschaften (Germany); 5Astronomical Institute University Bern (Switzerland)
National Standard of the Russian Federation for Space Debris Mitigation
Loginov, S.; Mikhailov, M.; Popkova, L.; Yakovlev, M.
TSNIIMASH (Russian Federation)
Correlation of Space Debris Observations by the Virtual Debris Algorithm
Tommei, G.1; Milani, A.1; Farnocchia, D.1; Rossi, A.2
1University of Pisa (Italy); 2ISTI-CNR Pisa (Italy)
A Global Strategy to Clear the "Space Protected Zones" from the Spacecrafts, at their End of Operative Life
Balduccini, M.1; Portelli, C.2; Rosati, R.1
1AVIO S.p.A. (Italy); 2ASI (Italy)
GMV Covariance Estimation, Propagation and Analysis Tools
Martínez Fadrique, F.; Juárez Villarés, I.; Escobar Antón, D.; Águeda Maté, A.
GMV (Spain)
Implementing Space Debris Mitigation Operational Processes
Finkleman, D.1; Oltrogge, D.2; Stokes, H.3; H. Ailor, W.4
1Center for Space Standards and Innovation (United States); 21Earth Research (United States); 3Consultant to the British National Space Center (United Kingdom); 4Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies (United States)
Increasing the Accuracy of Orbit Forecasting on the Basis of Improvement of Statistical Methods for Processing Measurements
Nazarenko, A.
Scientific Technological Center of Space Monitoring of the Earth (Russian Federation)
Coffee break
Invited Speaker
Overview of the European SSA Preparatory Program
Bobrinsky, N.; Del Monte, L.
ESA (Germany)
Analysis of Orbital Prediction Accuracy Improvements Using High Fidelity Physical Solar Radiation Pressure Models for Tracking High Area-to-mass Ratio Objects
Jah, M.1; Kelecy, T.2
1Air Force Research Laboratory (United States); 2Boeing LTS (United States)
Improved Conjunction Analysis via Collaborative Space Situational Awareness
Kelso, T.1; Vallado, D.1; Chan, J.2; Buckwalter, B.2
1Center for Space Standards & Innovation (United States); 2Intelsat Corporation (United States)
Estimation of Space Object Remaining Lifetime in Dependence on its Initial Orbital Elements, Ballistic Parameter and Environment Data
Kolyuka, Yu.F.; Afanasieva, T.I.; Gridchina, T.A.; Kirgetov, V.I.
Mission Control Center (Russian Federation)
Ephemeris Generation within the European Space Situational Awareness System
Sanchez-Ortiz, N.; R-Lerate, M.; Olmedo, E.; Bello-Mora, M.
Deimos Space S.L. (Spain)
On Re-entry Prediction of Near Earth Objects with Genetic Algorithm Using KS Elements
Sharma, R.K.; Anilkumar, A.K.; Xavier James Raj, M.; Sabarinath, A.
Data Sharing to Improve Close Approach Monitoring and Safety of Flight
Chan, J.1; DalBello, R.2; Hope, D.3; Wauthier, P.4; Douglas, T.5; Inghram, T.6
1Intelsat (United States); 2Intelsat General (United States); 3Inmarsat (United Kingdom); 4SES-Engineering (Luxembourg); 5Telesat Canada (Canada); 6EchoStar Satellite Services (United States)
Orbit Evolution and Uncontrolled Re-entry of the "Molniya" Type Satellites
Kolyuka, Yu.F.; Afanasieva, T.I.; Gridchina, T.A.
Mission Control Center (Russian Federation)
Lunch break
Plenary Session - Conclusions & Press Briefing
Room: H-I/H-IV

• Round Table on Space Debris (with ESA Moderator)
• Questions and Answers (with Media Representatives)
• Concluding Remarks (ESA Conference Chairman)
Poster Session: Debris Environment Modeling
Supporting the Development of Active Debris Removal Using Weighted Networks
Newland, R.J.; Lewis, H.G.; Swinerd, G.G.
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)

About Techniques for Constructing of Orbital Debris Models
Meshcheryakov, S.A.
TSNIIMASH (Russian Federation)

Simulation of Near ISS Space Pollution by Secondary Microparticles Generated by ISS Solar Panels under the Impacts of Meteoroids and Primary Space Debris
Sokolov, V.G.; Konoshenko, V.P.
RSC “Energia” (Russian Federation)

Spatial Density Evolution of Space Debris Environment
Li, C.1; Pang, B.1; Ding, L.2; Zhang, W.1
1Harbin Institute of Technology (China); 2University of Electronic and Science of China (China)

On the Possibility of Long Time Existence of Man-Made Microparticles Injected on Oblong Elliptic Orbits with Low Perigee Altitude in The Near Earth Space
Kolesnikov, E.K.; Chernov, S.V.
St. Petersburg State University (Russian Federation)

On Bunching of Orbital Debris Microparticles in Circular and Elliptic Orbits
Myagkov, N.N.
Institute of Applied Mechanics of RAS (Russian Federation)

Statistical Analysis of Micrometeoroid and Space Debris Impacts Onboard the Space Station "Salyut-4"
Rebrikov, V.
Federal State Unitary Enterprise “State Research Institute of Aviation Systems” (GOSNIIAS) (Russian Federation)

Investigation of the Nanostructures on Solar Cells Exposed on Orbital Space Station "MIR"
Myagkov, N.N.1; Valiev, H.H.1; Rebrikov, V.N.2; Yanovsky, Y.G.1
1Institute of Applied Mechanics of RAS (Russian Federation); 2State Research Institute of Aviation Systems (Russian Federation)
Poster Session: Debris Mitigation Principles
Active De-orbiting System ADS
Trushlyakov, V.I.1; Kudentsov, V.Yu.1; Odintsov, P.V.1; Costantino, A.2
1Omsk State Technical University (Russian Federation); 2Politecnico di Milano (Italy)

Space Debris Hazards from Fragmentaions in Collinear Earth-Moon Points
Bandyopadhyay, P.1; Sharma, Ram Krishan1; Tewari, Ashish2; Adimurthy, V.1
1Indian Space Research Organization (India); 2Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)

Development Status of Electrodynamic Tethers for Debris De-orbiting
Kawamoto, S.; Ohkawa, Y.; Nishida, S.; Kitamura, S.
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)

A Discussion on the Space Debris Mitigation Measures in the Geostationary Orbit
Nascimento, J.M.
Orbital Engenharia Ltda. (Brazil)

GIOVE-A/B Fregat Disposal Assessment
Navarro Reyes, D.1; Zandbergen, R.2; Escobar, D.2
1ESA/ESTEC (Netherlands); 2ESA/ESOC (Germany)
Poster Session: Hypervelocity Impacts & Shielding
Specialized Particle-Element Methods for Orbital Debris Impact Simulation
Fahrenthold, E.
University of Texas (United States)

Experimental Research on Performance of Al-Foam Stuffed Whipple Shield against Hypervelocity Impact
Jia, B.; Li, F.; Zhang, W.; Pang, B.J.
Harbin Institute of Technology (China)

An Experimental Investigation of Debris Cloud Generated by Hypervelocity Impact of Aluminum Spheres with Aluminum Sheets
Chi, R.Q.; Pang, B.J.; Guan, G.S.; Yang, Z.Q.; Wang, L.W.
Harbin Institute of Technology (China)

Experimental and Numerical Study of The Features of The Hyper-Velocity Interaction of A Projectile with A Discrete Bumper
Shumikhin, T.1; Bezrukov, L.2; Myagkov, N.1
1Institute of Applied Mechanics of Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); 2FGUP GosNIIAS (Russian Federation)

Dynamic Fracture of Thin Structures under Impact Loading
Vishnar, G.
IIT Delhi (India)

Meshless Simulation of Impact Events and Shielding
Chen, L.
Beijing Institute of Technology (China)

Numerical Simulation of Hypervelocity Impact on Honeycomb Sandwich Panels
Lan, S.W.; Huang, J.; Ma, Z.X.; Zhou, Z.X.; Liu, S.
China Aerodynamics R&D Center (China)

Numerical Simulation of Hypervelocity Impacts on Aluminum Mesh
Chen, H.; Xu, X.; Huang, J.; Li, Y.; Zhou, Z.X.; Liu, S.
China Aerodynamics R&D Center (China)

Analytical Ballistic Limit Equation for Projectiles Hypervelocity Impacting on Dual Wall Structures
Ding, L.1; Li, C.2; Pang, B.2; Zhang, W.2
1University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (China); 2Harbin Institute of Technology (China)

New Concept of Spacecraft Protection against Meteoroids and Orbital Debris: Active Protective Shielding
Malkin, A.I.1; Kononenko, M.M.1; Shumikhin, T.A.2
1A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Elektrochemistry, RAS (Russian Federation); 2Institute of Applied Mechanics, RAS, (Russian Federation)

Numerical Simulation of Debris Cloud Propagation inside Gas-Filled Pressure Vessels under Hypervelocity Impact
Gai, F.F.1; Pang, B.J.1; Liu, X.2
1Harbin Institute of Technology (China); 2Harbin Univercity of Sience and Technology (China)

Space Debris Impact Craters Modeling
Smirnov, N.N.; Kondratyev, K.A.
Moscow M.V. Lomonosov State University (Russian Federation)

Micro-Satellite Impact Tests to Investigate Multi-Layer Insulation Fragments
Murakami, J.1; Hanada, T.1; Liou, J.-C.2
1Kyushu University (Japan); 2NASA/JSC (United States)

A LGG Arrangement for Cut-Off of the Projectile Sabot
Ioilev, A.G.; Bebenin, G.V.; Kalmykov, P.N.; Shlyapnikov, G.P.; Lapichev, N.V.; Salnikov, A.V.; Sokolov, S.S.; Motlokhov, V.N.
RFNC-VNIIEF (Russian Federation)

Ballistic Properties of Mesh Shield Protection at Hypervelocity Impact
Bezrukov, L.1; Myagkov, N.2; Shumikhin, T.2
1FGUP GosNIIAS (Russian Federation); 2Institute of Applied Mechanics of Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation)

Cyclical Dust Particles Accelerator
Semkin, N.D.; Piyakov, A.V.; Piyakov, I.V.; Pogodin, A.P.; Voronov, K.E.
Samara State Aerospace University (Russian Federation)

Debris Cloud Characteristics of Mono- and Multi-plates under Hypervelocity Impact
Liu, S.; Li, Y.; Zhou, J.F.; Xie, A.M.; Luo, J.Y.; Huang, J.
China Aerodynamics R&D Center (China)

Experimental Investigation of Ejecta Generated by the Hypervelocity Impact of Aluminum Projectiles on Continuous and Mesh Bumpers
Shumikhin, T.1; Bezrukov, L.2; Myagkov, N.1
1Institute of Applied Mechanics of Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); 2FGUP GosNIIAS (Russian Federation)

Geometrical Shapes Effect on Hypervelocity Impact
Monthienthong, A.
Cranfield University (United Kingdom)

Ion Formation and Photoemission at Interaction of High-Speed Dust Particles with Optical Glass
Semkin, N.D.1; Voronov, K.E.1; Piyakov, A.V.1; Novikov, L.S.2
1Samara State Aerospace University (Russian Federation); 2Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

Impact of Artificial Microparticles on Spacecraft Materials and Equipment
Novikov, L.S.1; Semkin, N.D.2; Bednyakov, S.A.1; Voronov, K.E.2; Ermolaev, I.K.3; Pilyugin, N.N.3
1Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics Moscow State University (Russian Federation); 2Samara Aerospace University (Russian Federation); 3Institute of Mechanics Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

Research on Performance of Mesh Bumper Against Space Debris
Zheng, S.G.; Yan, J.
CAST (China)
Poster Session: Ob-Orbit and Re-Entry Risk Assessment
Closeap: GMV's Solution for Collision Risk Assessment
Escobar Antón, D.; Pérez Cambriles, A.
GMV (Spain)

Historical and Future Satellite Failure Risk Due to Hypervelocity Impacts
Flegel, S.1; Wiedemann, C.1; Gelhaus, J.1; Dietze, C.1; Alwes, D.2; Vörsmann, P.1
1Institute of Aerospace Systems, Technische Universität Braunschweig (Germany); 2Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Bonn (Germany)

A New Tool for Satellite Re-Entry Predictions
Saunders, A.; Swinerd, G.G.; Lewis, H.G.
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)

Analytical Formulas for Evaluation of Meteoroid Distributions in the Near-Earth Space
Meshcheryakov, S.A.
TSNIIMASH (Russian Federation)

Conjunction Analysis Tool for Trajectory Optimization and Post-Optimality Analysis
Weikert, S.1; Wiegand, A.1; Bavandi, A.2; Erb, S.2; Filipe, N.2
1Astos Solutions GmbH (Germany); 2European Space Agency (Netherlands)

IADC Re-Entry Prediction Campaigns of EAS at PMO
Xiong, J.; Zhao, C.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, W.
Purple Mountain Observatory (China)

Mission Analysis and Space Debris
Delattre, N.; Chapelle, A.; Quinquis, I.; Cerf, M.; Outrey, D.
EADS Astrium (France)

Space Debris Collision Avoidance and Spacecraft Launch Risk Analysis
Liu, J.1; Wang, R.L.2; Zhang, Y.2; Wang, R.2
1Chinese Academy of Science (China); 2CAS (China)
Poster Session: Obit Prediction & Determination
Performances of Atmospheric Density Models during Satellite Re-entry Prediction Campaigns at Sunspot Minimum
Pardini, C.; Anselmo, L.
ISTI/CNR (Italy)

Space Debris with High A/M: a Web of Sub-Resonances
Delsate, N.; Lemaitre, A.
University of Namur (Belgium)

Accuracy of Estimating Solar Radiation Pressure for GEO Debris with Tumbling Effect
Chao, C.C.
The Aerospace Corporation (United States)

Parallel Computation of Orbit Determination for Space Debris Population
Olmedo, E.; Sanchez-Ortiz, N.; R-Lerate, M.; Bello-Mora, M.
Deimos Space S.L. (Spain)

The General Mission Analysis Tool (GMAT): A New Resource for Supporting Resident Space Object (RSO) Orbit Determination, Tracking and Analysis
Wilkins, M.1; Jah, M.2; Hughes, S.3; Kelecy, T.4
1The Schafer Corporation (United States); 2Air Force Research Laboratory (United States); 3NASA (United States); 4Boeing LTS (United States)

Research on the Arithmetic for Space Debris Long-Term Orbit Propagation in LEO
Xu, K.; Pang, B.
Harbin Institute of Technology (China)
Poster Session: Radar, Optical & In-Situ Measurements
A Multycolor Photometry and Spectrophotometry of The Space Debris Objects
Papushev, P.; Mishina, M.; Tsoukker, T.
ISTP (Russian Federation)

A Method Based on Isochrone Wave Front for Acoustic Emission Source Location in Laminated Plates
Liu, Z.D.; Pang, B.J.; Tang, Q.
Harbin Institute of Technology (China)

Simulation and Evaluation System for Space Surveillance Phased Array Radar
Song, R.; Hu, W.
National University of Defence Technology (China)

The Application of Linear Programming on the Space Surveillance of High-altitude Objects
Wang, X.; Xiong, J.; Wang, H.; Zhang, W.
Purple Mountain Observatory, CAS (China)

Capabilities of the Irkutsk Incoherent Scattering Radar for Space Debris Studies
Khakhinov, V.V.; Lebedev, V.P.; Medvedev, A.V.
Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russian Federation)

Features of Space Debris Survey in LEO Utilizing Optical Sensors
Yurasov, V.; Shargorodsky, V.
Institute for Precision Instrument Engineering (Russian Federation)

Observations of Space Debris in GEO
Bakhtigaraev, N.1; Bakhtigaraev, N.1; Sergeev, A.2
1Institute of Astronomy of RAS (Russian Federation); 2Terskol Branch of Institute of Astronomy (Russian Federation)

Time Delay Integration Mode for Observations of Earth Satellites
Kozyryev, Y.; Shulga, O.; Sybiryakova, Y.; Kovalchuk, O.
Nikolaev Astronomical Observatory (Ukraine)

Astrometric-Photometric Surveillance of LEO Satellites ad Monitoring of Earth Upper Atmosphere
Koshkin, N.; Shakun, L.; Dragomiretsky, V.
Astronomical Observatory of Odessa University (Ukraine)
Poster Session: Space Object Catalogs
Status of the ESA/ESOC Database and Information System Characterising Objects in Space (DISCOS) and its Web Front-end
Choc, R.1; Krag, H.2; Klinkrad, H.2; Flohrer, T.3
1etamax Space GmbH (Germany); 2ESA/ESOC Space Debris Office (Germany); 3Aboa Space Research Oy (ASRO) (Germany)
Poster Session: Space Surveillance Techniques
Assessing the Suitability of the Chilbolton Radars for Space Debris and Space Surveillance Applications
Eastment, J.
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (United Kingdom)

Space Surveillance Observations at the Zimmerwald Observatory
Ploner, M.; Schildknecht, T.; Früh, C.; Vananti, A.
Astronomical Institute AIUB, University of Bern (Switzerland)

On Generalization of the Principle of Equivalence of the Search Plan Elements for Different Times
Veniaminov, S.
Scientific Research Center "Kosmos” (Russian Federation)

GEO Debris Observation of PMO
Ping, Y.D.; Wang, X.; Zhao, H.B.
Purple Mountain Observatory, CAS (China)

Series of the Dedicated Survey Telescopes for the Observations of the Space Objects at High Orbits
Molotov, I.1; Agapov, V.1; Borisov, G.2; Terebizh, V.2; Chekalin, O.3; Kouprianov, V.4
1Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics RAS (Russian Federation); 2Sternberg Astronomical Institute of Moscow University (Russian Federation); 3ISC "Vympel", JSC (Russian Federation); 4Central Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo (Russian Federation)

Space Debris Size Estimation Based on New Statistical Characteristics of Radar Cross Section
Huang, J.; Wang, Z.; Hu, W.D.
National University of Defense Technology (China)

The Use of FrFT in Radar Systems for Space Debris Surveillance
Yuan, Z.T.1; Hu, W.D.1; Yu, W.X.2
1National University of Defense Technology (China); 2Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China)

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